NECPs Assessment

The National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs) outline how EU countries intend to meet the EU energy and climate targets for 2030. They address energy efficiency, renewables, greenhouse gas emissions reductions, interconnections, and research and innovation. 

As part of each country's decarbonisation process, CCS Europe is taking a closer look at each country's NECP and their commitment to include carbon capture, storage and transport technologies into their Plans, including dedicated funding opportunities to kickstart the technology. 

As of now, we have assessed Denmark's, Greece's, Hungary's, Spain's, the Netherlands' and Sweden's National Energy and Climate Plans. 

We based our assessment on the following grading scale:

Carbon capture

A: Concrete capture target by 2030 (as specified by Commission), supporting measures in place before that time, concrete target for carbon removal.

B: Concrete capture targets (as specified by Commission), but after 2030, considering supporting measures.

C: Carbon capture targets, but no timeline, insufficient supporting measures.

D: No concrete carbon capture targets, but plans to support the technology moving forward.

E: No interest paid to carbon capture.

F: Carbon capture negatively impacted by NECP.


A: Detailed plans for CO2 transport infrastructure, development of own technical standards, legally binding criteria for fair access to infrastructure. Some infrastructure should already be in planning (Commission).

B: Support for CO2 transport infrastructure, criteria for fair and open access to that infrastructure.

C: Plans to eventually support the creation of CO2 transport infrastructure.

D: Support of transport infrastructure, but no commitment to ensure fair and open access.

E: No national level efforts in developing transport infrastructure, but commitment to supporting the mapping of where transport might be needed.

F: No measure supporting transport of CO2 in the Member States.


A: Tenders in place for CO2 storage on their territory, national target for CO2 storage for 2030 and 2050, permitting procedure is simple and clear, the storage capacity that can be made available annually (Commission). Storage capacity that can come available at the end of hydrocarbon reservoirs (Commission). Support for long-term deployment of storage (Commission).

B: National target for storage leading up to 2050, with a permitting procedure process that is efficient.

C: No national target, but commitment to developing storage capacity on its territory.

D: Plans for cross-border cooperation for CO2 storage.

E: No mention of CO2 storage.

F: CO2 storage is banned in the Member States.


A: De-risking measures in place, direct grants for the development of carbon capture, support already being deployed (Commission), financial support for storage project.

B: Focus on de-risking measures, working with private investors to raise the necessary capital, support for carbon capture.

C: Funding available at national level, but not technology specific, forcing competition with other technologies for a limited pot of money.

D: Carbon capture support being developed, considerations of de-risking measures.

E: Long-term considerations of funding support for Carbon capture, no concrete action planned before 2030.

F: No funding for CCS.

Have a look at our LinkedIn page to stay updated on our next NECP report cards.